The Living City Project has drawn inspiration from several seminal essays,
a wide variety of World Wide Web sources, and a growing corpus of print
sources in related fields. Below is a selection of sources in each of
these areas, including the full text of several essays reprinted here
Rosner | Condran | Blackmar
Related Sites | Digital Collections and Archives
Measuring the Impact of Infrastructure on Public Health | History
of Public Health |
Mapping the City | New York City Infrastructure and the Built Environment
Digital Collections and Databases
Measuring the Impact of Infrastructure on Public Health
S. Blanchard, "The Decline of Diarrhea-Related Infant Mortality
in San Antonio, Texas, 1935 to 1954: The Role of Sanitation,"
PhD Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1996.
Benjamin S. Bradshaw, Kenneth S. Blanchard, George H. Thompson, "Postneonatal
Diarrhea Mortality of Mexican American and Anglo American Infants:
Trends and Context," Population Research and Policy Review,
16; No. 3 (Jun 1997):225-242.
Gretchen A. Condran and E. Crimmins-Gardner, "Public Health Measures
and Mortality in U.S. Cities in the Late Nineteenth Century,"
Human Ecology 6;1(March 1978):27-54.
Gretchen A. Condran, H. Williams, and R.A. Cheney, "A Decline
in Mortality in Philadelphia from 1870 to 1930: The Role of Municipal
Services," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
Gretchen A. Condran, "Declining Mortality in the United States
in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries," Annales
de Demographie Historique (1987):119-41.
Gretchen A. Condran and Rose A. Cheney, "Mortality Trends in
Philadelphia: Age- and Cause-Specific Death Rates, 1870-1930,"
Myron P. Gutmann, W. Parker Frisbie, Peter DeTurk, K. Stephen Blanchard,
"Dating the Origins of the Epidemiological Paradox among Mexican
Americans," Texas Population Research Center Papers, 1997-1998,
Paper No. 97-98-07.
History of Public Health
Broadman, "New York City Department of Health, Periodicals and
Serials Published, 1866-1939," Special Libraries, XXXI
John Duffy, The Sanitarians: A History of Public Health in America
(Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1990):
John Duffy, A History of Public Health in New York City: 1866-1966
(New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1974).
Judy Walzer Leavitt, The Healthiest City: Milwaukee and the Politics
of Health Reform (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1892).
Charles Rosenberg, The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832,
1849, and 1866 (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago
Press, 1987, c. 1962).
Charles Rosenberg, "Pietism and Social Action: Some Origins of
the American Public Health Movement," in No Other Gods: On
Science and American Social Thought (Baltimore and London: The
Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976, c. 1961).
See Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz, Public Health and the State: Changing
Views in Massachusetts, 1842-1936 (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard
University Press, 1972). See, in particular, her excellent bibliographic
essay on pp. 225-243.
Mapping the City
E. Cohen and Robert T. Augustyn, Manhattan in Maps, 1527-1995
(New York: Rizzoli, 1997).
Timothy Gilfoyle, City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and
the Commercialization of Sex, 1790-1920 (New York: W.W. Norton
& Company, 1992).
David C. Hammack, Power and Society: Greater New York at the Turn
of the Century (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987).
Eric Homberger, The Historical Atlas of New York City (New
York: Henry Holt and Company, 1994).
Kathy Peiss, Cheap Amusements: Working Women and Leisure in Turn-of-the-Century
New York (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986).
New York City Infrastructure and the Built Environment
Blackmar, Manhattan for Rent, 1785-1850 (Ithaca: Cornell University
Elizabeth Blackmar, "Accountability for Public Health: Regulating
the Housing Market in Nineteenth-Century New York City," in Hives
of Sickness: Public Health and Epidemics in New York City (ed.)
David Rosner (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press,
William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West
(New York: W.W. Norton, 1991).
Joanne Abel Goldman, Building New York's Sewers: Developing Mechanisms
of Urban Management (West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University
Samuel P. Hays, Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics
in the United States, 1955-1985 (New York: Cambridge University
Samuel P. Hays, Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: the
Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920 (Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 1959).
Clifton Hood, 722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They
Transformed New York (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993).
Gerard T. Koppel, Water for Gotham: A History (Princeton, New
Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2000).
Tim McNeese, The New York Subway System (San Diego: Lucent
Clay McShane, Down the Asphalt Path: The Automobile and the American
City (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994).
Martin Melosi, Garbage in the Cities: Refuse, Reform, and The Environment:
1880-1980 (Chicago, Illinois: The Dorsey Press, 1981).
Richard Plunz, A History of Housing in New York City: Dwelling
Type and Social Change in the American Metropolis (New York: Columbia
University Press, 1992).
Roy Rosenzweig and Elizabeth Blackmar, The Park and the People:
a History of Central Park (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press,
David Rosner, A Once Charitable Enterprise: Hospitals and Health
Care in Brooklyn and New York, 1885-1915 (Princeton, New Jersey:
Princeton University Press, 1987): Chapter on Morningside Heights.
Joel Tarr, Infrastructure and Urban Growth in the Nineteenth Century
(Chicago: Public Works Historical Society, 1985).
Joel A. Tarr, The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution
in Historical Perspective (Akron, Ohio: University of Akron Press,